The Evolution of Art

Art is a very vast subject; it has many versions, styles, schools, genres and of course has gone through numerous movements. A phase of time in which there is a development in the works of an artist or group of artists is known as an art period. According to history there are many art periods during which there were various art movements.

The beginning of these movements was with the Renaissance. ‘Renaissance’ at its most minimal meaning refers to ‘rebirth’. This was a time in history when there was rebirth of practically everything of the world – trade, thinking, ideologies and obviously consequently the representation of art. The Italian Renaissance began in the city of Florence during the late 13th century.  This was a time in the European history that created cultural bridges between the middle Ages and the Modern History.

There then came a period known as the Classicism during which there was high respect and regard for classical antiquity. It was a rather restrained and formal sort of art form. Following this came the age of NeoClassicism. This movement began in Rome during1750 to 1830. This was a name given to the western movements in theatre, literature, music, architecture as well as decorative and visual arts.

Irrespective of how art changed its thinking and depiction, every age had art enthusiasts like Mark Borghi and it is people like him who preserve the goodness of art by making them available to the common masses. Mark arranges exhibitions at the three art galleries that he owns and has gained immense popularity and recognition from the people of New York.

Next came Romanticism, this period lasted from 1790 to 1880, and was a literary, musical, artistic and intellectual movement. Within this period there were several minor changes in art, and towards the end of this period came an American art style known as Luminism. This was a landscape painting and was characterized by effects of light in the landscapes.

The journey of art from Romanticism to Modern Art was one filled with small and big alterations in its representation by the innumerable schools and styles of art. One noteworthy phase of this period was Realism that began in France during 1850, the Realists were artists who rejected the concepts of Romanticism and revolted against the exotic subjects.

The PreRaphaelite movement was the harbinger of the Modern art; the Pre-Raphaelites were a group of critics, poets and painters, who rejected the mechanist approach towards art that was exhibited by the Mannerists. Finally Modern art made its appearance in 1860 and brought with movements like Impressionism, Symbolism, ArtNouveau, Expressionism, Cubism, Purism, Surrealism and a hoard of other movements.

Last but not the least came the period of Contemporary art that began in 1946 and exists to the present day. This period too is replete with many movements and the wonderful works of artists of this movement are displayed and featured at the art galleries of Mark Borghi an art enthusiast of the contemporary times.